Author Topic: SHARP X68000 keyboard converter  (Read 15544 times)

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Offline hasu

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SHARP X68000 keyboard converter
« on: Sat, 24 March 2012, 05:17:29 »
SHARP X68000 is a hobby computer released in Japan.(1987-93)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharp_X68000


X68000 keyboard
X68000 keyboard has basically ALPS linear switches, for example:
- DSETK0016CE01   (ALPS green linear switch)
- DSETK0022CE02   (ALPS yellow linear switch)
- DSETK0023CE03   (ALPS yellow linear switch)

 I have a DSETK0016CE01 with green one.

Album: http://imgur.com/a/N1yMX


Update
- 2013/06/22  Add LED support
- 2017/05/09  Online Keymap Editor is available for TMK x68k converter now


Hardware
Target MCU is ATMega32u4/u2 but other USB capable AVR also should work.
You can use a PJRC Teensy2.0 for this converter.

Connector
X68000 keyboard has a Mini DIN 7pin connector.
keyboard plug:

converter jack:



Wiring
Code: [Select]
    Mini-DIN            Teensy
    -----------------------------------------------------
    pin1   +5V          VCC
    pin2   MOUSE        -
    pin3   RXD          PD2(RXD)
    pin4   TXD          PD3(TXD)
    pin5   READY        -
    pin6   REMOTE       -
    pin7   GND          GND

Firmware
Source: https://github.com/tmk/tmk_keyboard

Build
Code: [Select]
    $ git clone git://github.com/tmk/tmk_keyboard.git
    $ cd tmk_keyboard/converter/x68k_usb
    $ make


Keymap Editor
You can download firmware binary from online editor without building source code yourself.

http://www.tmk-kbd.com/tmk_keyboard/editor/unimap/?x68k_usb




Program
With TMK x68k converter press the button on PCB to start programming mode, then use flash tool with firmware binary. See wiki page.
https://github.com/tmk/tmk_keyboard/wiki#flash-firmware

If you use Teensy you can load with PJRC Teensy Loader tool.
    http://www.pjrc.com/teensy/loader.html

X68000 Keyboard Protocol
See README.
https://github.com/tmk/tmk_keyboard/tree/master/converter/x68k_usb


You can buy preassembled TMK x68k converter here

« Last Edit: Mon, 08 May 2017, 20:11:00 by hasu »
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Offline hasu

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Re: SHARP X68000 keyboard converter
« Reply #1 on: Sat, 22 June 2013, 03:05:43 »
Finally added LED support.
TMK products:HHKB Alt  ⌨ConvertersAlps64FC660C AltFC980C Alt

Offline Blaise170

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Re: SHARP X68000 keyboard converter
« Reply #2 on: Thu, 28 April 2016, 11:24:16 »
Is there a way to turn on all of the LEDs using a single key? I tried looking at the code but I'm not very well versed in it. I think it would be cool to be able to press a key (break for example) and have the LEDs all turn on or off. I also tried using the scancode trick but none of them are high enough to trigger all of the LEDs.
I proxy anything including keyboards (キーボード / 鍵盤), from both Japan (日本) and China (中國). For more information, you may visit my dedicated webpage here: https://www.keyboards.es/proxying.html

View my current and past keyboards here: https://deskthority.net/wiki/User:Blaise170

Offline hasu

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Re: SHARP X68000 keyboard converter
« Reply #3 on: Fri, 29 April 2016, 01:50:22 »
Is there a way to turn on all of the LEDs using a single key? I tried looking at the code but I'm not very well versed in it. I think it would be cool to be able to press a key (break for example) and have the LEDs all turn on or off. I also tried using the scancode trick but none of them are high enough to trigger all of the LEDs.

I added sample code in keymap.c, see the latest code on github repository. I converted x68k keymap from legacy format to current one and added an action_function to toggle LEDs.

https://github.com/tmk/tmk_keyboard/blob/3c109203c3d0451dd5009acbe3fc5452934b0449/converter/x68k_usb/keymap.c#L75-L92

You can toogle all LEDs with 'BREAK' key now.

To control seven LEDs just send 1-byte command like below. For example to turn only CAPS on you can send 0b11110111 and to turn INS and CAPS on send 0b11100111. Use 'serial_send()' to send the command.

Quote

- LED control ON/OFF(0/1)                                                                         
    bit 7   1(fixed)                                                                               
    bit 6   全角
    bit 5   ひらがな
    bit 4   INS
    bit 3   CAPS
    bit 2   コード入力
    bit 1   ローマ字
    bit 0   かな

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Offline Blaise170

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Re: SHARP X68000 keyboard converter
« Reply #4 on: Fri, 29 April 2016, 07:38:06 »
That's amazing Hasu! Thanks for that. I'll rebuild my converter later today when I get time.
I proxy anything including keyboards (キーボード / 鍵盤), from both Japan (日本) and China (中國). For more information, you may visit my dedicated webpage here: https://www.keyboards.es/proxying.html

View my current and past keyboards here: https://deskthority.net/wiki/User:Blaise170

Offline alh84001

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Re: SHARP X68000 keyboard converter
« Reply #5 on: Thu, 05 January 2017, 18:27:11 »
I just wired up a Pro Micro with a 7-pin mini-DIN port (I connected 5V, GND, RX and TX), and flashed the firmware which I got by issuing make in a pristine repo. Switches get registered with no issues, but I'm having trouble with LEDs. Only CAPS LED is working when the key is pressed (which i think is expected), and pressing BREAK does nothing (no LEDs light-up, including CAPS), which, looking at code, should work.

Offline hasu

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Re: SHARP X68000 keyboard converter
« Reply #6 on: Thu, 05 January 2017, 19:22:44 »
glad you made your converter work.
Converter doesn't handle all LEDs at this time because I have no idea on how to use other LEDs. But I think you can control all LEDs as you want, see source code.

Do you have X68000 computer or know how it handles LEDs on those keys?
TMK products:HHKB Alt  ⌨ConvertersAlps64FC660C AltFC980C Alt

Offline alh84001

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Re: SHARP X68000 keyboard converter
« Reply #7 on: Fri, 06 January 2017, 05:35:53 »
It turns out that I was stupid and I had a fork of the tmk cloned, which has not been rebased in quite a while, so I didn't have any of the changes related to LEDs. I cloned the original repo, built it, flashed it, and now all LEDs work when pressing BREAK key.

Thanks again, hasu, you're the man!

Offline hasu

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Re: SHARP X68000 keyboard converter
« Reply #8 on: Mon, 08 May 2017, 20:08:23 »
Now Keymap Editor is available for TMK x68k converter(ATMega32u2).

You can download firmware binary from online editor without building source code yourself.

http://www.tmk-kbd.com/tmk_keyboard/editor/unimap/?x68k_usb

TMK products:HHKB Alt  ⌨ConvertersAlps64FC660C AltFC980C Alt

Offline BeautyFool

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Re: SHARP X68000 keyboard converter
« Reply #9 on: Sat, 27 January 2018, 05:44:41 »
Awesome job! I have a question: with this converter, can be emulated the led patterns used by some games? (Like Cotton  https://youtu.be/lYhGQzCtSHk;)

Offline hasu

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Re: SHARP X68000 keyboard converter
« Reply #10 on: Sat, 27 January 2018, 19:33:29 »
Awesome job! I have a question: with this converter, can be emulated the led patterns used by some games? (Like Cotton  https://youtu.be/lYhGQzCtSHk;)


you can control the LEDs by very simple one byte command, it won't be difficult at all.
TMK products:HHKB Alt  ⌨ConvertersAlps64FC660C AltFC980C Alt